The Giant Rice of China
‘giant rice’ that stands over 2 meters tall has been developed in China
A new kind of rice that can grow as tall as 2.2 meters (7ft 2in) has been introduced and it has been called: “The Giant Rice”. This rice is expected to feed more people as scientists claimed its yield could be fifty per cent higher than ordinary rice today. Chinese Experts said they had spent ten years cultivating the new grain, which was unveiled this week.
A team of researchers from the Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, have planted and harvested the ‘giant rice’ on an experimental field, according to the People’s Daily Online report, citing Xinhua News Agency.
- Experts in China claimed they had cultivated new grain in an experiment
- The yield of the ‘giant rice’ is said to be 50 per cent higher than ordinary rice
- It’s expected to greatly benefit the nation which faces a shortage of farmers
- Scientists also introduced ‘sea rice’, which could grow on saline-alkaline land
The experimental field is located in Jinjing Township of Changsha County, central China’s Hunan Province.
The new type of rice is said to be 1.80 metres tall on average (5ft 10in), with the greatest ones reaching 2.2 metres.
Xia Xinjie, a researching involved in the project, expected the yield of the ‘giant rice’ to surpass 11.5 metric tonnes per hectare. Mr Xia said the per-hectare yield is 50 per cent higher than the ordinary rice.
Mr Xia added that experts had harvested more than 500 grains from a single ‘giant rice’ stalk.
The Chinese scientists are said to have used a series of new technologies to cultivate the new rice, including mutation induction and hybridisation between different kinds of wild rice. A Chinese farmer harvests Xiangliangyou 900, the hybrid rice that has set the world record for its high per-hectare yield. The new rice was invented by a team led by renowned Yuan Longpin
The ‘giant rice’ is due to greatly benefit China which is facing a shortage of farmers and a growing population.
‘It is expected that 60 per cent more rice will need to be produced in 2030 compared to 1995,’ Yuan Longping, a renowned agricultural scientist in an interview last month. Currently, one hectare for rice production provides food for 27 people. By 2050, one hectare will have to support 43 people.
Chinese scientist Yuan Longping, known as the ‘father of hybrid rice’, surveys the growth of hybrid rice in a field in Hebei, China, on October 15
Yuan Longping, who is 87, has been billed as the ‘father of hybrid rice’ in China for his constant contribution in breeding high-yield grains in the past sixty years.
Last month, the scientist announced he and his team had successfully cultivated a new type of rice, called ‘sea rice’, which could grow on saline-alkaline land.
On an experiment field, four types of rice were said to register an estimated output between 6.5 to 9.3 metric tonnes per hectare. China has 100 million hectares of saline-alkaline soil, according to Mr Yuan. Among them, 18.7 million hectares have the potential to grow rice. This week, another new type of hybrid rice, also cultivated by Mr Yuan, become the highest-yielding one in the world. This rice has been named Xiangliangyou 900.
The pilot rice fields in Handan, Hebei province, were harvested on October 15 this year and the results were quite impressive. The three plots yielded 17.2 tons per hectare on average. Of the three plots, the one with the highest yield reached 17.7 tons per hectare, which is a new world record of rice productivity.